Ligature and/or Suicide Risk Reduction - Assessing Protective Factors

NPSG.15.01.01 EP 3 requires that the suicide risk assessment include 'protective factors'. What are examples of protective factors ?

Any examples are for illustrative purposes only.

NPSG.15.01.01 EP 3 requires that the suicide risk assessment include 'protective factors'. What are examples of protective factors? (Effective: July 1, 2019)

Protective factors may be described as characteristics associated with a lower likelihood of negative outcomes or that reduce a risk factor’s impact. Protective factors may buffer individuals from suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

Examples of protective factors include, but are not limited to:

  • Safe, secure, monitored environment (e.g. inpatient hospitalization)
  • Receiving clinical care for mental, physical, and substance abuse disorders
  • Easy access to a variety of clinical interventions and support for help seeking
  • Family and community support (connectedness)
  • Support from ongoing medical and mental health care relationships
  • Skills in problem solving, conflict resolution, and nonviolent ways of handling disputes
  • Cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicide and support instincts for self-preservation

References:
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Additional Resources:
Suicide Prevention Portal

Last updated on March 04, 2021
Manual: Critical Access Hospital
Chapter: National Patient Safety Goals NPSG

If no, please comment on how we could improve this response.

If you have additional standards-related questions regarding this topic, please use the Standards Online Submission Form