to main content Competency Assessment vs Education and Training | Assisted Living Community | Human Resources HR | The Joint Commission
Competency Assessment vs Education and Training

What is the difference between education, training and competency assessment ?

Any examples are for illustrative purposes only.

The requirements found in the Human Resources (HR or HRM) chapter of the accreditation manual found at HR.01.05.03 or HRM.01.05.01 (BHC)speak to both 'education' and 'training' that provide the foundation for competency. Education is the process of receiving systematic instruction resulting in the acquisition of theoretical knowledge.  Training differs from education in that 'training' focuses on gaining specific – often manually performed – technical skills.  

Competency requires a third attribute – ability. Ability is simply described as being able to 'do something'. The ability to do something 'competently' is based on an individual's capability to synthesize and correctly apply the knowledge and technical skills to a task.

Competency(see HR.01.06.01) differs from education and training in that competency incorporates all three attributes:  Knowledge, technical skills, and ability - all are required to deliver safe care, correctly perform technical tasks, etc. Assessing competency, then, is the process by which the organization validates, via a defined process, that an individual has the ability to perform a task, consistent with the education and training provided. 

Additional Resources
FAQ: Competency Assessment vs Orientation
Manual: Assisted Living Community
Chapter: Human Resources HR
Last reviewed by Standards Interpretation: April 18, 2022 Represents the most recent date that the FAQ was reviewed (e.g. annual review).
First published date: August 23, 2019 This Standards FAQ was first published on this date.
This page was last updated on September 08, 2022 with update notes of: Editorial changes only Types of changes and an explanation of change type: Editorial changes only: Format changes only. No changes to content. | Review only, FAQ is current: Periodic review completed, no changes to content. | Reflects new or updated requirements: Changes represent new or revised requirements.

If no, please comment on how we could improve this response.

If you have additional standards-related questions regarding this topic, please use the Standards Online Submission Form