NPSG.15.01.01 EP 3 requires that the suicide risk assessment include 'protective factors'. What are examples of protective factors ? (Effective: July 1, 2019)
Any examples are for illustrative purposes only.
Protective factors may be described as characteristics associated with a lower likelihood of negative outcomes or that reduce a risk factor’s impact. Protective factors may buffer individuals from suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
Examples of protective factors include, but are not limited to:
- Safe, secure, monitored environment (e.g. inpatient hospitalization)
- Receiving clinical care for mental, physical, and substance abuse disorders
- Easy access to a variety of clinical interventions and support for help seeking
- Family and community support (connectedness)
- Support from ongoing medical and mental health care relationships
- Skills in problem solving, conflict resolution, and nonviolent ways of handling disputes
- Cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicide and support instincts for self-preservation
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Grant CL and Lusk JL. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Therapeutic Risk Management of the Suicidal Patient. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 2015;(8):291-298.