Ligatures and/or Suicide Risk Reduction - Assessing Risk Factors

NPSG.15.01.01 EP 3 requires that the suicide risk assessment include 'risk factors'. What are examples of these risk factors ?

Any examples are for illustrative purposes only

Risk factors may be described as a combination of individual, biological, psychological, familial, community, cultural, and/or societal characteristics or factors that may contribute to the risk of suicide.
Examples of risk factors include, but are not limited to:
  • Family history of suicide
  • Family history of child maltreatment
  • Previous suicide attempt(s)
  • History of mental disorders, particularly clinical depression
  • History of alcohol and substance abuse
  • Feelings of hopelessness
  • Impulsive or aggressive tendencies
  • Cultural and religious beliefs (e.g., belief that suicide is noble resolution of a personal dilemma)
  • Local epidemics of suicide
  • Isolation, a feeling of being cut off from other people
  • Barriers to accessing mental health treatment
  • Loss (relational, social, work, or financial)
  • Physical illness
  • Easy access to lethal methods
  • Unwillingness to seek help because of the stigma attached to mental health and substance abuse disorders or to suicidal thoughts
 References:
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
The Center for Disease Control (CDC)
 
Last updated on March 19, 2020
Manual: Critical Access Hospital
Chapter: National Patient Safety Goals NPSG

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