Free-Standing Emergency Department - Occupancy

What type of occupancy is a free-standing emergency department?

The Joint Commission defines the occupancy based on the definitions found in the NFPA 101-2012, Life Safety Code. If the free standing Emergency Department is not capable of rendering four or more patients incapable of self-preservation in an emergency or is not capable providing general anesthesia to four or more patients, then it may be classified as a business occupancy in accordance with the LSC. If the render/anesthetize rule is applicable, the ED is classified as an ambulatory health care occupancy as noted in NFPA 101-2012, 3.3.188.1. If the facility provides housing on a 24-hour basis, it is classified as a health care occupancy (hospital). An ED that is open on a 24/7 basis does not dictate that it is a health care occupancy.
Last updated on March 13, 2018
Manual: Behavioral Health
Chapter: Life Safety LS

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