Hemodialysis Boxes - Maintenance Requirements
What are the maintenance requirements for hemodialysis plumbing fixtures in patient rooms?
Any examples are for illustrative purposes only.
Plumbing fixtures such as a recessed box, combine the water supply and drain in patient rooms for use with hemodialysis equipment. Typically, these fixtures are connected to your regular water supply and then connected to the dialysis machine through a portable reverse osmosis (RO) system. This fixture is essentially a faucet with a dead leg. The risk of not periodically flushing this fixture could result in stagnate water.
Wall boxes need to be cleaned, disinfected, and properly maintained to decrease risk of patient infections. They can become easily contaminated with microorganisms, which can subsequently be transferred to dialysis patients, a vulnerable group at high risk of infection.
These water box fixtures are utility components and as such should be included in your utilities maintenance program and maintained in accordance with manufacturer requirements.
The Joint Commission encourages organizations with these types of water fixtures follow the CDC guidelines that include:
- Each facility should develop policies about the specific frequency and methods for wall box surface disinfection
- Wall box surfaces should be disinfected at least daily
- Cleaning and disinfection of the wall box should be performed after the patient has left the station
- Disinfectant should be applied to all surfaces of the wall box and any attached hoses
- Ensure high touch surfaces (e.g., connections for acid, bicarbonate, and reverse osmosis water) are disinfected
- Wipes or other supplies used to disinfect the wall box should be discarded after use and not used to disinfect other surfaces in the dialysis station
- More than one disinfectant wipe or application may be needed to ensure all wall box surfaces are visibly wet with disinfectant to achieve contact time specified by the manufacturer
Additional ResourcesCDC Guidelines Dialysis Wall Boxes and Drains
Manual: Hospital and Hospital Clinics
Chapter: Environment of Care EC
Last reviewed by Standards Interpretation: April 26, 2023 Represents the most recent date that the FAQ was reviewed (e.g. annual review).
First published date: August 11, 2020 This Standards FAQ was first published on this date.
This page was last updated on May 23, 2023 with update notes of: Review only, FAQ is current Types of changes and an explanation of change type: Editorial changes only: Format changes only. No changes to content. | Review only, FAQ is current: Periodic review completed, no changes to content. | Reflects new or updated requirements: Changes represent new or revised requirements.