Standards FAQ Details | Joint Commission

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Wednesday 11:40 CST, May 22, 2019

Standards FAQ Details

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National Patient Safety Goals (NPSG) (Hospital and Hospital Clinics / Hospitals)


Suicide Risk Reduction - Assessing Protective Factors
Publish | January 01, 0001
NPSG.15.01.01 EP 3 requires that the suicide risk assessment include 'protective factors'. What are examples of protective factors ? (Effective: July 1, 2019)

Protective factors may be described as characteristics associated with a lower likelihood of negative outcomes or that reduce a risk factor’s impact. Protective factors may buffer individuals from suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
Examples of protective factors include, but are not limited to:

  • Safe, secure, monitored environment (e.g. inpatient hospitalization)
  • Receiving clinical care for mental, physical, and substance abuse disorders
  • Easy access to a variety of clinical interventions and support for help seeking
  • Family and community support (connectedness)
  • Support from ongoing medical and mental health care relationships
  • Skills in problem solving, conflict resolution, and nonviolent ways of handling disputes
  • Cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicide and support instincts for self-preservation

References:
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Resource:
Grant CL and Lusk JL. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Therapeutic Risk Management of the Suicidal Patient. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 2015;(8):291-298.
 

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